Orientation and Mobility

Folded Cane for the Blind with Blackout Glasseshttp://www.afb.org/services.asp.

This website enables one to locate Orientation and Mobility, Guide Dogs and many other types of services.


Training in the use of the GPS.


Comprehensive resource for teaching Orientation and Mobility. Gives instruction about teaching in the areas of concept development; sensory development; orientation and mapping skills; travel techniques, communication and personal safety. Also included are appendices on learning outcomes, testing materials/resources and student profile forms.

Tactile exploration of city maphttp://www.tsbvi.edu/textbooks/afb/kit/tkit48.htm

Offers a number of O&M activities for preschool children.


O&M strategies for blind-deaf


Overview of O&M and its importance.


This site has a book, “Teaching Orientation and Mobility to Children” Some of the chapters include: Teaching Mobility to Blind Children; Building an O&M Curriculum; Teaching Blind Children to Navigate; Understanding Vision and Teaching Adaptations to Visual Impairments: Assessment Checklist and Research; Who’s Doing What and Why.


The Michigan Orientation and Mobility Scale (2013) is designed to measure the degree to which a child needs O&M services. There are two rubrics: one for student with multiple impairments, including vision impairment and the other for students whose only disability is vision.

assistant doghttp://www.tsbvi.edu/curriculum-a-publications/3/1042-taps-teaching-age-appropriate-purposeful-skills

Texas school for the Blind and Visually Impaired designed “Teaching Appropriate Purposeful Strategies (TAPS)” as a curriculum and a method to obtain a baseline of O&M skills, as well as, monitoring the student’s progress.




These three agencies train Seeing Eye dogs to work with persons with visual impairments. After being approved for a guide dog, they provide instruction to the person about how to work with the dog and how to care for its needs.